1. Excellence in Education: a Community Commitment
    1. Course Descriptions
      1. BRODHEADSVILLE, PA 18322
        1. HIGH SCHOOL & Middle School GUIDANCE DEPARTMENT
      2. GLOSSARY continued
      3. ENGLISh
      4. HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION
      5. GRADUATION PROJECT

 
 

 
PLEASANT VALLEY
Cyber Academy
 



 

PROGRAM OF STUDIES
 
2008-2009
 
 

 
 
 

Excellence in Education: a Community Commitment

 
 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 

 
Principal’s Message page 4
General Information page 5
Curriculum Review page 7
Glossary page 8

 
 
 
 



Course Descriptions
 

 
Reading
page 9
English page 10
Social Studies page 11
Mathematics page 12
Science page 13
Health and Physical Education page 14
Graduation Project page 14
World Languages page 14
Art page 15
Music page 15
Business Education/Computer Science page 16
NCAA Regulations ………………………… page 17
       

 

 
 
PLEASANT VALLEY SCHOOL DISTRICT



BRODHEADSVILLE, PA 18322
 

DISTRICT Administration
(570) 402-1000
 
Dr. Douglas C. Arnold, Superintendent
 
Mr. Anthony A. Fadule, Assistant Superintendent
General Administration
 
Mrs. Carole Geary-Rissmiller, Assistant Superintendent
Curriculum and Instruction
 
Mr. Christopher J. Fisher, Assistant to the Superintendent
Professional and Support Personnel
 
 
Cyber Academy ADMINISTRATION
(570) 402-1000
www.pvbears.org

 
Mr. Robert Hines, Associate Principal
Mr. Douglas Palmieri, Cyber Academy Coordinator
 



HIGH SCHOOL & Middle School GUIDANCE DEPARTMENT
 

Ms. Donna Yozwiak
Ms. Patricia Kupstas
Ms. Sheri Fallon
Ms. Melissa Lambert
Ms. Denise Lenox
Ms. Nicole Layton
Mr. Brian Morgan
Ms. Susan Scully
 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
 

 
Principal’s Message
 

To PV Academy Students:
 

Each year you will be asked to make important decisions involving the selection of a program of studies. These decisions will have a profound impact on your future interests and career aspirations. The selection of courses should be made with considerable thought and with the input and assistance of your parents, teachers, guidance counselors and administrative staff. While we hold ourselves ready to help guide and direct you in this process, we realize that it is you, the student, who must weigh all of the options to make the most beneficial selections.
 
This booklet was designed by faculty, guidance and administration to provide you with the basic information pertaining to the various programs and courses offered through the academy. Certainly, this publication cannot answer all your questions, but by reviewing its contents you will become more familiar with the services available. Your counselor will be the most important person in providing the advice, direction and explanations necessary to enable you to use the information contained herein to the fullest personal benefit.
 
As you begin the selection process, we encourage you to make decisions based not only on the factors previously mentioned, but also on your own past performance. It is you who must invest the time and energy needed to achieve success within the requirements of each curriculum area.
 
To Parents:
 
Your input and guidance in assisting your son/daughter in the course selection process is greatly appreciated. The information contained in this booklet is designed to assist you in making prudent choices. We realize the decision process is sometimes difficult and confusing. Your best guides are to evaluate your son’s/daughter’s past performance and to ask a high school guidance counselor for information. Please feel free to call the guidance office or to make an appointment to discuss your son’s/daughter’s future. If for any reason your son/daughter feels that they are being denied entry to a particular program, please contact the academy administration and reference district policy 219.
 
We believe all students can learn in preparation for adult life.
 
 
Robert J. Hines
Associate Principal
 
 

EQUAL RIGHTS AND OPPORTUNITIES POLICY

  Pleasant Valley School District is an equal opportunity education institution and will not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin/ethnicity, gender, age, disability, sexual orientation or religion in its admissions, educational programs, activities, or employment policies. Publication of this policy is in accordance with state and federal laws including the Americans with Disabilities Act, Title VI, Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of l973. Requests for information regarding services, activities and facilities that are accessible to and usable by persons with disabilities, in addition to all other inquiries, should be directed to the Assistant Superintendent for Personnel and General Administration. This individual serves as Title IX and Section 504 Coordinator and is located in the Pleasant Valley School District Administration Building, Route 115, Brodheadsville, Pennsylvania, 18322. (570) 402-1000, ext. 1209.
 

 
REMINDER: The deadline for making changes in your schedule is the last day of the current school year.
 


GENERAL INFORMATION
 


GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
 

Each student in the Academy, in grades 9 – 11, must be registered for at least 8.0 credits per year. Seniors are required a minimum of 6.0 credits. Promotion from one grade to the next, and ultimately, graduation, will be based on the satisfactory completion of individual courses. The chart below shows eligibility for graduation. Students must earn credits in grades 9-12. The basic graduation requirements, which all students must successfully pass, include the following:
 
English      4.0
Social Studies      4.0
Math        4.0
Science      4.0
Phys. Ed.      2.0
Health 9/10      1.0
Driver Ed.      .50
Arts/Hum      2.0
Computer Literacy    .50
Graduation Project    .50

   Electives                 6.0

TOTAL     28.5
 

*PSSA Enhancement: (Grades 9, 10, 11, 12) This course(s) is a requirement for graduation for those students who have scored at the basic or below basic level on the 8th and/or 11th grade reading and/or math PSSA assessment. Students must enroll in a 9 week, ½ credit enhancement course and demonstrate proficiency in reading and/or math. The course is designed to reinforce and enhance student basic reading and math skills in preparation for the 11th grade PSSA and/or 12th grade proficiency verification.
 

 
 
Graduation Requirements
 

To graduate from Pleasant Valley High School, students must demonstrate proficiency in reading, writing and mathematics. As per Title 22, Education, Chapter 4, Academic Standards and Assessment § 4.24, High School Graduation Requirements, students must “demonstrate proficiency in reading, writing and mathematics on either the State assessments administered in grade 11 or 12 or local assessment aligned with academic standards and State assessments under § 4.52 (relating to local assessment system) at the proficient level or better to graduate.” The Pleasant Valley School District recognizes that students must be given the opportunities to demonstrate proficiency in reading, writing and mathematics during their senior year in order to meet part of their graduation requirement.
 
 

 

 
 


GENERAL INFORMATION
 

 
 

**Arts and Humanities courses include any visual arts, industrial technology, music, foreign language, family/consumer science, or history course.
 
 


COLLEGE CREDIT

Please note that college credit grades accepted for graduation requirements (prior approval of principal is required) will not be calculated into cumulative averages.
 
 


FALL/WINTER/SPRING/SUMMER SCHOOL


AND TUTORING

Students who fail a required course must take action to remediate their situation. There are three options available:

 
1. Students may attend an approved fall/winter/spring/summer school for 30 or 15 hours of instruction in the failed subject area prior to the opening of the next school year. (30 hrs. for a 1 credit course, 15 hrs. for a ½ credit course)
2. Students may secure 30 or 15 hours, depending upon the number of credits [i.e. 30 hrs. for a one (1) credit course or 15 hrs. for a ½ credit course], of pre-approved private tutoring in the failed subject area by a certified teacher in the subject, prior to the opening of the  next school year.
3. Students may repeat the course during the next regular school year.

 
Students who have failed courses are advised to contact the guidance office. The counselors will advise them on the options available for their specific situation.
 
Students may also repeat any elective course they fail the following year, with the exception of Graduation Project.
 
Note: Students may not advance to the next level course unless the previous required course was successfully completed or an approved waiver is submitted.
 
 


SCHEDULING

Students must be accurate and thorough in their selection of courses. All students are expected to complete the courses selected. Adequate schedule planning for students, teachers and classroom space can be completed only when school officials can consider student scheduling requests to be final and binding. When this happens, a conference with a guidance counselor is required. Parents/Guardians should be involved in this conference to assist the student and counselor in arriving at a reasonable decision. Students, with parental permission, may   request (in writing) a schedule change after a conference is held with a counselor. Schedule changes will not be made after the last day of the present school year. Special Note: Students who withdraw from a class after the first progress report   for a semester class and after two weeks for a nine (9)-week class, do so with a withdraw/failure (“WF”) as a grade.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
CURRICULUM REVIEW
 

 

 
Successful completion of specified courses in grades 9 through 12 are required in order for a student to qualify for the Pleasant Valley High School diploma. Required courses must be supplemented with elective courses in order to achieve the minimum credits needed for graduation. Listed are suggested courses of study and electives available to supplement the student program. In addition to the required courses listed above, 10th and 11th grade students must select a sufficient number of electives to equal 8.0 credits.
Grade 9 – Required Courses
English Physical Education
Social Studies Health & Wellness
Mathematics Science
Computer Literacy
 
  Grade 10 – Required Courses
English Physical Education
Social Studies Health & Wellness
Mathematics Science
Driver Education
Grade 11 – Required Courses
English Physical Education
Social Studies Science
Mathematics Graduation Project*
  Grade 12 – Required Courses
English Physical Education
Mathematics Science
Social Studies

 

 

ELECTIVES

 

FOREIGN LANGUAGE
Spanish I, II

ART
Foundations of Art

MUSIC
Introduction to Music

BUSINESS EDUCATION /


COMPUTER SCIENCE

Computer Literacy
Introduction to Business
Word Processing
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Glossary
 
 
Applied/Career Comprehensive (CC) – a program of studies designed to prepare students for entry into the job market, trade school, community college or junior college, and (in the case of highly academically motivated students) four year colleges. Applied courses fit this category.
 
Credit – one credit is assigned to all courses that meet everyday. The credit may be halved according to the number of weeks assigned.
 
Curriculum Track – refers to a grouping of courses designed to accommodate various student’s needs and abilities. The courses in a curriculum track are sequentially programmed to provide a logical program of studies. Curriculum tracks available in the high school include: Preparations for Higher Learning/ College Prep, Career Comprehensive/Applied Academics and Vocational/Technical.
 
Cycle Course – a course that meets on alternate days of the cycle for a semester or an entire school year. There are six days in a cycle.
 
Educational Program – all the educational offerings of a school district, including extra-curricular activities.
 
Elective Courses – courses that students choose to complete their annual program of studies. Electives should be chosen based on student ability, interest and career aspirations.
 
ESOL – (English for Speakers of Other Languages) is a core program of study designed to help the student whose native language is other than English acquire the skills to develop proficiency in the English language.
 
Full Schedule – a full schedule consists of 8.0 credits per year. All students must schedule at least 20 periods of class.
 
Higher Learning (HL) – designed for students who seek four-year college preparatory programming or entry level in the work force. A significant level of achievement in previous course work is a guide to success on this level.
 
 
 
 
Honors/Advanced Placement – this program of studies is available to students who have met course grade requirements and have been recommended by a teacher, successfully passed an entrance examination, and have met all additional course entrance requirements. Students may not enroll in the class by completing a guidance course waiver. It is designed for the highly motivated, independent working student who has demonstrated a superior level of achievement in previous course work. Honors/AP courses will carry a weighted grade. Students who succeed in these courses will have a distinct advantage in high school class ranking and college placement.
 
Level I, II, III and IV Courses – several courses have more than one level of difficulty. The higher the number, the more challenging the course. Students do not have to take levels beyond I, nor must they take more than one level per year. They may if they wish.
 
Pass/Fail – P/F does not affect cumulative grade point average.
 
Marking Period – one-half of a semester or approximately 45 school days. There are two marking periods in a semester.
 
Planned Course – all courses taught at the high school are called planned courses. Each course includes student performance outcomes and standards, content, expected levels of achievement, and procedures for evaluation.
 
Recommendations – a course that a student must successfully complete in order to qualify for entry into another course.
 
Required Courses – courses which students must schedule based on the program of studies they have chosen. Required courses include both graduation course requirements and specific required courses within a curriculum for preparation for higher learning.
 
Semester – one-half of the school year or approximately 90 school days. There are two semesters in a school year.
 
Semester Course – a course that meets every day of the cycle.
 
 
 



GLOSSARY continued
 

 
Sequential Course – one course in a series of courses. Each course must be taken in its proper sequence. In sequential courses, it is necessary to learn the knowledge and skills of the first course before going on to the next course. A passing grade is required. Sequential courses are found in many areas – mathematics, foreign language, science, art, industrial arts, business, etc. Sequential courses do not have to be taken in the same school year.
 
Career and Tech Ed Studies – The Business Career Prep Studies is a program that allows students to obtain college credits while still in high school. The program allows students to receive academic and advanced technical skills leading to post-secondary education. Following this program is a cost-effective way to get a head start on a college career.
 
Term – refers to the school year.
 
Vocational Technical School – (MCTI) the Monroe Career & Technical Institute is located in Bartonsville off Route 611. Students spend two periods of the school day at MCTI.
 
Weighted Grades – used in Honors/AP courses to give additional value to the grade earned. Sample format:
 
Regular Grade      Honors/AP
A=4.0    92-100    A=+9 added point value
B=3.0    83-91    B=+9 added point value
C=2.0    74-82    C=+9 added point value
D=1.0    65-73    D=+9 added point value
F=0.0    00-64    F=+9 added point value
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
 
READING

Reading - Grade 8 – CA519
 
The eighth grade Reading program challenges students to interact successfully with different types of reading materials. The course provides for the reinforcement and expansion of comprehension, vocabulary, and life and study skills. Students will experience many genres of Literature, including the opportunity to explore literature of their own choosing. The course consists of objectives to promote the development of reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. Students will learn to apply and to extend reading strategies to ensure success in reading and other academic subjects. Reading self-selected literature is a part of this program to encourage reading as a lifelong activity.  



ENGLISh
 
  ENGLISH - Grade 8
CA118

The major goal of the eighth grade Language Arts program is to help students develop a better understanding and command of the English language in both oral and written formats. This course provides practice in grammar and usage through an integration of all language processes: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Students will have the opportunity to experience various forms of writing for multiple purposes: to describe, to narrate, to inform, and to persuade. Additionally, vocabulary and spelling lessons will enhance students’ control over their language.
The literature strand of the eighth grade Language Arts program concentrates on multicultural selections and/or historical fiction that correlates to the Social Studies curriculum dealing with the Revolutionary Period. A poetry unit, which consists of studying figurative language and writing poetry, is also incorporated into the literature strand.
 
 
ENGLISH – Grade 9
Contemporary Literature/Composition
CA119 - 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course is recommended for those students who seek academic challenge and understand the need for intensive and extensive study and research. Students are introduced to works by American, British, and World authors through the analytical, critical, and independent reading of short stories, non-fiction, poetry, novels, and drama. It provides a general overview of writing skills, literature, vocabulary, public speaking, and research. Heavy emphasis will be placed on the development of narrative, persuasive, and informational essay writing. Vocabulary skill development evolves from the study of Literature, with a strong focus on context clues, usage, and word-part analysis. A public speaking unit is also included. Students will research a topic of choice emphasizing the selection, location, and organization of a variety of resource materials. The MLA project will culminate in a short written paper and a 10-minute oral presentation. A minimum of two novels, plays, or major works will be analyzed and discussed throughout the semester.
 
ENGLISH – Grade 10
World Literature/Composition
CA110 - 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course focuses on world authors and their works as the basis for interpretive, critical, and analytical reading and writing. This course is recommended for those students who seek academic challenge and understand the need for intensive and extensive study and research. The course is designed to prepare students to discuss and evaluate a variety of literary genres. Heavy emphasis will be placed on critical thinking, writing, speaking, and listening activities. Vocabulary skill development evolves from the study of literature and the functions and characteristics of the English language. Purposeful and quality writing skills are acquired throughout the semester emphasizing the selection, location, and organization of a variety of resource materials to produce a MLA research paper. A minimum of four novels, plays, or major works will be analyzed and discussed throughout the semester.
ENGLISH – Grade 11
American Literature/Composition
CA111 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course focuses on American novels as the basis for interpretive, critical, and analytical reading and writing. This course is recommended for those students who seek academic challenge and understand the need for intensive and extensive study and research. The course is designed to prepare students to discuss and evaluate a variety of literary genres. Heavy emphasis will be placed on critical thinking, writing, speaking, and listening activities. Vocabulary skill development evolves from the study of literature and the functions and characteristics of the English language. Purposeful and quality writing skills are acquired throughout the semester emphasizing the selection, location, and organization of a variety of resource materials to produce a MLA Literary Analysis paper. Furthermore, students will be exposed to SAT prep and college search strategies. A minimum of six novels, plays, or major works will be analyzed and discussed throughout the semester
 
 
ENGLISH – Grade 12
 
British and World Literature/Composition
CA112 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course focuses on British and World authors and their works as the basis for interpretive, critical, and analytical reading and writing. This course is recommended for those students who seek academic challenge and understand the need for intensive and extensive study and research. The course is designed to prepare students to discuss and evaluate a variety of literary genres. Heavy emphasis will be placed on critical thinking, writing, speaking, and listening activities. Vocabulary skill development evolves from the study of literature and the functions and characteristics of the English language. Purposeful and quality writing skills are acquired throughout the semester emphasizing the selection, location, and organization of a variety of resource materials to produce a MLA Literary Analysis paper. A minimum of five novels, plays, or major works will be analyzed and discussed throughout the semester.
                 
 

 

SOCIAL STUDIES

 


 
 
U.S. HISTORY I - GRADE 8
CA218
In the eighth grade, one of the major goals of the Social Studies curriculum is to awaken students to their American heritage and to have them envision themselves as an integral part of “history” being made today. Students will examine the Age of Exploration, the Colonization of the New World, Rivalry for New World Supremacy, Emergence of the United States, the Constitution and System of Government and the Administration of the first five presidents. Throughout the course, analytical problem solving and decision- making skills will be practiced.

U.S. HISTORY II – Grade 9
CA227 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course will be a writing intensive in-depth analysis of American History from the Jacksonian Era of the 1820’s to the 1870’s. Areas of concentration include: Sectionalism, the Origin of the Civil War, Reconstruction, Western Expansion, and the Social, Political and Economic changes in America. Students will be expected to conduct research and demonstrate critical and analytical skills.

WORLD HISTORY – Grade 10
CA210 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course is a comprehensive chronological/topical study of world history from early civilizations to the 16th century. The students will be required to analyze and evaluate historical events such as, the first civilizations, classical civilizations, feudalism, middle ages, Renaissance and Reformation, the emergence of the nation states, and the beginnings of modern Europe. In-depth homework and research study is expected.

20TH CENTURY HISTORY – Grade 11
CA211 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
20th Century History will be an in-depth analysis of world history from the turn of the century to the present using a national and global perspective. The students will be expected to investigate 20th century events in terms of their social, economic and political impact on the present world order. Topics will include Nationalism, World War I and World War II, the Russian Revolution, the Depression, the Cold War Era, the Vietnam Conflict, and the changing economic and political relationships between nations. Students are expected to do independent home research and study.
 

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND LAW – Grade 12
CA212 – 9 weeks – .50 credit
This course will examine the state and its origins, the purposes served by government, forms of government, basic political principles of democracy, the formal organizational structure of our government, and the role of politics in government. The law component will examine basic civil liberties and corresponding responsibilities.
 

ECONOMICS – Grade 12
CA232 – 9 weeks – .50 credit
This course is designed to introduce the students to the basic economic principles and theories. Emphasis will be placed on American capitalism and how it functions. Some of the selected topics will be: cost analysis, supply and demand in price setting, business organizations and their structures, and an in-depth analysis of competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition, and oligopoly. Students will be expected to interpret and construct graphs, charts, and tables and to analyze statistical information to formulate a conclusion.
 


 
 

MATHEMATICS
 

 
 

PRE-ALGEBRA
CA318 – Grade 8

Pre-Algebra begins with a review of basic skills and progresses through basic equation solving, operations with integers and multi-step equation solving. Advanced Pre-Algebra is a more rigorous course that spends very little time on basic skills review. Students in this course will study higher level complex equations and inequalities, linear equations, statistical and geometric applications. In both courses, problem solving in real-life situations is stressed
 
 

ALGEBRA I – Grade 9
CA339 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
Algebra I consists of a study of the real number system, sets, variables, open sentences, factoring, rational and irrational numbers and problem-solving using variables. The emphasis is on the structure of real numbers, algebraic concepts, deductive reasoning, and precision of language.
 
 
GEOMETRY – Grade 10
CA331 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
Geometry is a course that emphasizes logical reasoning, spatial visualization skills, and their application to problem solving. Students are expected to write two column deductive formal proofs, paragraph type proofs, and use algebraic skills to set up and solve problems based on geometric representation. Additionally, students will solve problems related to plane, solid and coordinate geometry. Geometry is the natural progression for students who have successfully completed Algebra I.
 
ALGEBRA II – Grade 11
CA330 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit

Algebra II is primarily an extension of Algebra I. However, a more rigorous approach is taken in the study of the real number system. The first part of the course involves real number concepts and skills, the solution of linear equations and inequalities, solving verbal problems, properties of polynomials, and rational expressions. The second part of the course deals with relations and functions, irrational numbers

and quadratic relations. Students must have successfully completed Algebra I.
 
 
TRIGONOMETRY – Grade 12

 
CA351 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course includes such topics as circular functions, vectors, polar coordinates, fundamental identities, trigonometric equations, solution of triangles, complex numbers and transcendental functions. The student of Trigonometry must have successfully completed Algebra II and Geometry.


 
 
 
 
 
 

 
SCIENCE
 
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
CA418 - Grade 8

The major goal of the eighth grade Physical Science program is to provide basic knowledge of chemistry and physics as it relates to everyday experiences. Students will learn to discover and to interpret scientific knowledge by completing projects, reports, demonstrations and lab activities. An additional goal of the course is to apply basic math principles to science concepts. The eighth grade Physical Science curriculum encompasses six major topics focusing on the chemical and physical nature of matter. These topics are: (1) scientific method, (2) physical and chemical nature of matter, (3) nuclear energy and radioactivity, (4) forms of energy (5) work and power (6) force and motion.
 

EARTH SCIENCE – Grade 9
CA419 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit

This course is designed to place responsibility on the student to master basic concepts in the natural sciences. This course stresses individual thinking, especially the ability to solve new problems through the applications of learning concepts. Classroom techniques and materials include lectures, discussions, labs and video. Emphasis is placed on metrics, graphing, and simple physics formulas. Students taking this course should have above average math and reasoning skills and be comfortable with verbal math problems.
 

BIOLOGY I - Grade 10
CA401 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This introductory course is designed for students who intend to pursue a college degree. The student learning outcomes include: basic principles of taxonomy, chemistry, cell structure, regulation and energy flow, cell reproduction and molecular and Mendelian genetics and basic principles of organic evolution. An overview of the plant and animal kingdoms is covered.
 
CHEMISTRY – Grade 11
CA430 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This is a college preparatory course designed to prepare students to meet the challenges of college-level chemistry successfully. Candidates for this course should have completed Algebra I and Biology I with an average of 92% or greater. Students may select either Chemistry Honors or Chemistry. Students planning to major in science in college should choose both Chemistry I and II Honors. Chemistry I must be successfully completed before a student may continue with Chemistry II. Either Chemistry Honors or Chemistry I can be taken to meet the requirements as one (1) of four (4) science credits for graduation.
 


 
PHYSICS I – Grade 12
CA432 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
The Physics elective is a college preparatory course consisting of an introductory consideration of mechanics. Since emphasis is placed upon the quantitative aspects of the subject matter, candidates for the course should have completed Algebra I, II and Trigonometry.

 

 
 


 
 



HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION
 

 

 

HEALTH/WELLNESS
CA015 - Grade 8
Students will become involved in decision-making activities in order to apply their health-related knowledge to real life situations. Units of study include: first aid, stress management, AIDS education, and drug and alcohol education .
 

 

HEALTH/WELLNESS
CA015 - Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – .50 credit

This course is designed, through a conceptual approach, to provide a wide scope of health related issues to be examined, analyzed, and evaluated: Drug Education II, Nutrition II, First Aid and Personal Safety, Communicable/Non-communicable Diseases, Consumer and Community Health and Concepts of Health II.
 
 
 

 



GRADUATION PROJECT

GRADUATION PROJECT – Grade 11
CA022 – .50 credit
All Pleasant Valley Cyber Academy students must complete the graduation project by the end of their junior (11th grade) year. Students begin to receive information and documentation regarding the project during the 2nd semester of their sophomore (10th grade) year. The project is graded on a PASS/FAIL basis. The graduation project is state-mandated and a requirement for graduation. The successful completion of the project verifies the meeting of state writing standards.
 
 
WORLD LANGUAGES

SPANISH IGrades 8, 9, 10, 11, 12


CA509 –– 1 semester – 1.0 credit      

SPANISH II - Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
CA510 – 1 semester – 1.0 credit
 


 

FRENCH 1 – Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
CA549 – 1 semester – 1.0 credit
 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

              
 

 

Art Perspectives - Grade 9, 10, 11, 12
CA733 - 9 weeks - .50 credit

                                            

Students will learn how to apply the design elements and principles to create realistic artworks. The course will teach hands-on drawing techniques using compasses and rulers through mathematical constructions to illustrate objects realistically. A thorough exploration of perspective teaches students how to create the illusion of depth, or objects in space. Students will learn how to draw utilizing
the mechanical approach.
 
 
 
 


 
 
 

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
CA767 – 9 weeks - .50 credit

                                                                           
Students will trace the evolution of music from Gregorian chant to modernism to late 20th century music. Students will recognize what constitutes music as opposed to mere sound and identify the principal instruments for making music. Students will interpret the characteristics of the leading styles in the history of western music, in which the major musical forms have developed. Students will relate historical events with musical events and their effect upon composers and their compositions.
 

 

 

 
 

                                                                                 
 
Art Explorations - Grade 9,10,11,12
CA733 –-9 weeks - .50 credit
   
Students will research, evaluate and respond to art periods and styles throughout the Western World. A thorough investigation of civilizations will provide a link to current trends. Students will learn to appreciate the aesthetic value in artworks found throughout history, which will provide the springboard for creating hands-on student projects.
 
 
 
 
 
 
                              


 
 
                                 
 
               
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 



 

Business education &
computer science
 

 
Computer Literacy – Grade 9
CA090 – 9 weeks - .50 credit
   
             The increasing role of technology in society makes the Computer Literacy course a necessary segment
of the curriculum. This course is designed to familiarize students with computer functions,
capabilities, and roles in society. Through a hands-on approach students will work with Windows and
the MS Office suite to complete assignments. An emphasis is placed on developing skills to enable
the student to become an independent learner and computer user. NOTE: A passing grade is
required for graduation.
 
 Introduction to Business – Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
CA621 – 1 semester – 1.0 credit
 
            A basic knowledge of business is essential in today’s society. Regardless of future plans, students
need to know how to write out checks and balance a checkbook, manage money, be a smart consumer,
and understand basic concepts such as credit, insurance, and the stock market. Students will explore
the role of business in our society, and even create a basic business plan. The importance of career
planning is discussed. Introduction to business emphasizes practical information vital to the future
of any student.
 
 
 Word Processing – Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
CA634 –– 1 semester – 1.0 credit
 
             Students will create, design and produce documents using word processing software. Students
will reinforce keyboarding skills as they apply language art skills. Students will compose and
edit information, format with special features, enhance documents using graphics, create letters,
forms, reports and indexes and merge data from other applications. Students will learn all the
CORE features of using the Microsoft WORD program. 
 

    

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NCAA FRESHMAN-ELIGIBILITY STANDARDS
QUICK REFERENCE SHEET
 
 

KNOW THE RULES:
 
Core Courses
 

·  Starting August 1, 2008, 16 core courses will be required for NCAA Division I only. This rule applies to any student first entering any Division I college or university on or after August 1, 2008. See the chart below for the breakdown of this 16 core-cour
se requirement. · 
14 core courses are required in NCAA Division II. See the breakdown of core-course requirements below.

Test Scores
 

·  Division I has a sliding scale for test score and grade-point average. The sliding scale for those requirements

is shown on page two of this sheet.

·  Division II has a minimum SAT score requirement of 820 or an ACT sum score of 68.
·  The SAT score used for NCAA purposes includes only the critical reading and math sections. The writing

         section of the SAT is not used.

·  The ACT score used for NCAA purposes is a sum of the four sections on the ACT: English, math, reading and

science.

·  All SAT and ACT scores must be reported directly to the NCAA Initial-Eligibility Clearinghouse by the

testing agency. Test scores that appear on transcripts will no longer be used. When registering for the
SAT or ACT, use the clearinghouse code of 9999 to make sure the score is reported to the
clearinghouse.
 
Grade-Point Average
 

·  Only core courses are used in
the calculation of the grade-point average. ·
 Be sure to look at your high school’s list of NCAA-approved core courses on the clearinghouse Web site to
· make certain that the courses being taken have been approved as core courses. The Web site is:

www.ncaaclearinghouse.net
.

 
· Division I grade-point-average requirements are listed on page two of this sheet.
· The Division II grade-point-average requirement is a minimum 2.000.

 
DIVISION I
16 Core-Course Rule
16 Core Courses:
 
4 years of English.
3 years of mathematics (Algebra I or higher).
2 years of natural/physical science (1 year of lab
if offered by high school).
1 year of additional English, mathematics or
natural/physical science.
2 years of social science.
4 years of additional courses (from any area
above, foreign language or nondoctrinal
religion/philosophy).
 
 
DIVISION II
14 Core-Course Rule
14 Core Courses:
 
3 years of English.
2 years of mathematics (Algebra I or higher).
2 years of natural/physical science (1 year of lab
if offered by high school).
2 years of additional English, mathematics or
natural/physical science.
2 years of social science.
3 years of additional courses (from any area
above, foreign language or nondoctrinal
religion/philosophy).

 
 
PLEASE NOTE: For students first entering any NCAA college or university on or after August 1, 2005, computer
science courses may only be used for initial-eligibility purposes if the course receives graduation credit in
mathematics or natural/physical science and is listed as such on the high school’s list of NCAA-approved core courses.
 
 
 
 
OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION
 
 
· Division II has no sliding scale. The
minimum core grade-point average is 2.000.
The minimum SAT score is 820 (verbal and
math sections only) and the minimum ACT
sum score is 68.
 
· 14 Core courses are required for Division II.
 
· 16 Core courses are req uired for Division I.
 
· The SAT combined score is based on the
verbal and math sections only. The writing
section will not be used.
 
· SAT and ACT scores must be reported
directly to the clearinghouse from the
testing agency. Scores on transcripts will
not be used.
 
For more information regarding the rules,
please go to www.ncaa.org . Click on
“Academics and Athletes” then “Eligibility
and Recruiting.” Or visit the clearinghouse
Web site at www.ncaaclearinghouse.net .
 
Please call the NCAA Eligibility Center if you
have questions:
 
Toll-free number: 877/622-2321
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NCAA DIVISION I SLIDING SCALE
CORE GRADE-POINT AVERAGE/
TEST-SCORE
New Core GPA / Test Score Index
Core GPA
SAT
Verbal and Math ONLY
ACT
3.550 & above
400
37
3.525
410
38
3.500
420
39
3.475
430
40
3.450
440
41
3.425
450
41
3.400
460
42
3.375
470
42
3.350
480
43
3.325
490
44
3.330
500
44
3.275
510
45
3.250
520
46
3.225
530
46
3.200
540
47
3.175
550
47
3.150
560
48
3.125
570
49
3.100
580
49
3.075
590
50
3.050
600
50
3.025
610
51
3.000
620
52
2.975
630
52
2.950
640
53
2.925
650
53
2.900
660
54
2.875
670
55
2.850
680
56
2.825
690
56
2.800
700
57
2.775
710
58
2.750
720
59
2.725
730
59
2.700
730
60
2.675
740-750
61
2.650
760
62
2.625
770
63
2.600
780
64
2.575
790
65
2.550
800
66
2.525
810
67
2.500
820
68
2.475
830
69
2.450
840-850
70
2.425
860
70
2.400
860
71
2.375
870
72
2.350
880
73
2.325
890
74
2.300
900
75
2.275
910
76
2.250
920
77
2.225
930
78
2.200
940
79
2.175
950
80
2.150
960
80
2.125
960
81
2.100
970
82
2.075
980
83
2.050
990
84
2.025
1000
85
2.000
1010
86

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

www.pvbears.org

 
PH: 570-402-1000
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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